Egypt’s history from 1902 until 1981 (Timeline[s])

An easy way to learn some basic facts about Egypt’s history is by going to, a website that provides you with bried historical details as well as timelines of major events in a certain nation.

1. The first link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1902 until 1941: “egypt”

  • 1906, Istanbul cedes the Sinai Peninsula to British-controlled Egypt.
  • 1914, The British government changes the status of Egypt from a Turkish province to a British protectorate
  • 1918, Wafd, a national party, is formed in Cairo with the purpose of ending Egypt’s enforced link with Britain
  • 1928, Hassan al-Banna, a schoolteacher in Ismailia, founds the Muslim Brotherhood – to campaign for a society based on the Qu’ran with the sharia as its legal system

2. The second link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1928 until 1948:   “egypt”

  • 1945, Gamal Abdel Nasser and army colleagues form a secret party, the Free Officers, to fight for an independent Egyptian republic
  • 1945, Arab countries, gathered for a conference in Cairo, form the Arab League to further their joint interests
  • 1948, The Muslim Brotherhood carries out acts of terrorism against the Egyptian authorities and British troops

3. The third link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1952 until 1956:   “egypt”

  • 1952, A group of officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser depose Egypt’s king, Farouk, and send him into exile
  • 1954, Gamal Abd al-Nasser mounts another coup, this time against his colleague Mohammed Neguib, to make himself president of Egypt
  • 1954, Nasser escapes an assassination attempt by the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1956, The Sudan, declining the opportunity of union with Egypt, opts for independence as a separate state
  • 1956, Egypt’s president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez canal and wins Soviet finance for his Aswan dam
  • 1956, Israeli troops invade the Sinai peninsula, a province of Egypt

4. The fourth link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1977 until 1981:   “egypt”

  • 1978, Anwar el-Sadat and Menachem Begin sign an Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David in the USA
  • 1981, Muslim terrorists assassinate Anwar el-Sadat, in response to his peace agreement with Israel
  • 1981, Sadat is peacefully succeeded in Egypt by his vice-president, Hosni Mubarak

For more detailed timelines (years), please go to any of the four links provided.


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