An easy way to learn some basic facts about Egypt’s history is by going to historyworld.net, a website that provides you with bried historical details as well as timelines of major events in a certain nation.
1. The first link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1902 until 1941:
- 1906, Istanbul cedes the Sinai Peninsula to British-controlled Egypt.
- 1914, The British government changes the status of Egypt from a Turkish province to a British protectorate
- 1918, Wafd, a national party, is formed in Cairo with the purpose of ending Egypt’s enforced link with Britain
- 1928, Hassan al-Banna, a schoolteacher in Ismailia, founds the Muslim Brotherhood – to campaign for a society based on the Qu’ran with the sharia as its legal system
2. The second link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1928 until 1948:
- 1945, Gamal Abdel Nasser and army colleagues form a secret party, the Free Officers, to fight for an independent Egyptian republic
- 1945, Arab countries, gathered for a conference in Cairo, form the Arab League to further their joint interests
- 1948, The Muslim Brotherhood carries out acts of terrorism against the Egyptian authorities and British troops
3. The third link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1952 until 1956:
- 1952, A group of officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser depose Egypt’s king, Farouk, and send him into exile
- 1954, Gamal Abd al-Nasser mounts another coup, this time against his colleague Mohammed Neguib, to make himself president of Egypt
- 1954, Nasser escapes an assassination attempt by the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood
- 1956, The Sudan, declining the opportunity of union with Egypt, opts for independence as a separate state
- 1956, Egypt’s president Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalizes the Suez canal and wins Soviet finance for his Aswan dam
- 1956, Israeli troops invade the Sinai peninsula, a province of Egypt
4. The fourth link will direct you to Egypt’s history between 1977 until 1981:
- 1978, Anwar el-Sadat and Menachem Begin sign an Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty at Camp David in the USA
- 1981, Muslim terrorists assassinate Anwar el-Sadat, in response to his peace agreement with Israel
- 1981, Sadat is peacefully succeeded in Egypt by his vice-president, Hosni Mubarak
For more detailed timelines (years), please go to any of the four links provided.