Modern Egyptian History: A short literature review

1. The Egyptian Economy: 1952-2000,

This book provides an in-depth discussion of Egypt’s political and economic development during the second half of the twentieth century.  Additionally, the book provides critical analysis of Egypt’s  policymaking during this period.  The focus of these two narratives is on the larger structural changes that took place, rather than the year-to-year alterations.   Also included in this book are a number of interviews with former Prime MInisters and Cabinet Ministers along with previous unpublished analysis by several major international financial institutions: including the World Bank, IMF, and USAID.   The author of the book is Khalid Ikram, who, to my knowledge is the only individual to produce such a extensive work on the this issue.

This book will potentially provide a major base for the my current research and project aspirations.  An understanding of Egypt’s political and economic development in the years leading up to the uprising is critical to understanding the uprising itself.  I would argue that economic factors and policy changes played a large role in the Egyptian revolution. This book will most likely prove very useful in developing this topic.

A preview of the book is available, here.

2. The History of Modern Egypt: From Muhammad Ali to Mubarak, By P.J. Vatikiotis

Vatikiotis’ book provides a general account of Egypt’s modern history from the rise of and fall of the Muhammadi Ali dynasty, through the age of Arab nationalism with Nasser, and into President Sadat’s economic and political opening. It covers the the conflict with Israel and the unpredictable relationship with the former Soviet Union and the United States. Although Vatikiotis’ book is not an analytical masterpiece, it is absolutely provides a wonderful general account of Egypt’s modern political and economic history.

Preview the book here.

3.  Peasants in Revolt – Egypt 1919,  By Ellis Goldberg

Goldberg’s article, with was published in 1992 in The International Journal of Middle East Studies, provides a detailed account on Egypt’s 1919 peasant uprising that eventually led to the country’s independence and an end to British colonial rule.  It is relatively difficult to find scholarly work on the 1919 Egyptian uprising, thus, this article, which is full of detail, will prove to be quite beneficial to anyone studying Egyptian history of social uprisings in general.

Download a PDF of the article here: Peasants in Revolt – 1919.


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